Fire detection systems
A fire detection system (FDS) is an alarm system that receives data on, assesses and then responds to events reported by various fire detectors. Fire detection systems are permanently installed manual and automatic systems to detect fires at an early stage, warn those affected and quickly inform the relevant emergency service.
Fire detection systems are mostly installed in buildings particularly at risk such as airports, train stations, universities, schools, business and factory premises, residential homes for the elderly and hospitals. The building permit issued by the building inspectorate or the insurance cover specified by the VdS states whether there is an obligation to install a fire detection system connected to the fire brigade.
Design and operation of a fire detection system
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All parts of the building to be monitored are equipped with a network of electric cables and automatic/non-automatic detectors. These detectors are operated either manually or triggered automatically by heat, visible or invisible smoke, or flames. Only the detectors in the immediate vicinity of the fire are activated, sending a report to the fire detection control panel. From here, the information can be forwarded to a permanently manned unit and/or the fire brigade. Those affected are also warned. Once the fire has been extinguished, the system can be made operational again quickly and simply.
Highlights of fire detection systems
- Protection of personnel and property
- Simple, cost-effective equipment
- High reliability for items to be protected
- Wide range of applications in trade and industry, the service and commercial sectors and public institutions
Further details can be found in our “Fire Detection Systems” brochure: